Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19

LAST UPDATED ON 03/15/2021

As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Twelve Oaks Recovery Center to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, there are certain restrictions in place regarding on-site visitation at Twelve Oaks Recovery Center.

  • These restrictions have been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • Options for telehealth visitation are continuously evaluated so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff receives ongoing infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance is provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

Heroin Symptoms & Effects

Understanding Heroin

Learn About Heroin

Heroin is a powerful and illegal drug belonging to a family of drugs called opioids, which are derived from the opium poppy plant. Typically injected, snorted, or smoked, heroin produces strong feelings of euphoria and alternating drowsy and wakeful states known as being “on the nod.” Because of heroin’s powerful euphoric effects, the ease of developing a dependence, and its powerful withdrawal symptoms, people are typically unable to stop using heroin without professional help.

Thankfully, help is available. With the assistance of a comprehensive care program, it is possible for individuals who abuse heroin to free themselves from the drug’s influence and make changes to help them live healthy and drug-free lives.


Heroin Statistics

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), approximately 2% of people will use heroin at some point in their lives. Additionally, data from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) found that, when adjusted for population increase, the rate of drug-poisoning deaths from heroin nearly quadrupled from 2000 to 2013. Data from the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NS-DUH) also found that 669,000 Americans had used heroin in the past year and 335,000 individuals had used this dangerous substance in the past month.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and Risk Factors for Heroin Addiction

An individual’s struggle with heroin abuse generally arises out a complex mix of genetic and environmental factors, some of which can include:

Genetic: Mental health experts have found that genetics play an important role in determining a person’s risk for developing a heroin addiction. Specifically, people whose family members use heroin are more vulnerable to developing a heroin addiction at a rate nearly 80% higher than the general population, according to one study.

Environmental: While a person can inherit a genetic vulnerability to heroin addiction from family, one’s family can also be an environmental influence. People who grew up in homes with family members who used heroin, and where heroin was readily available, are more likely to use heroin than are people who grew up in homes where there was no drug use. Other environmental factors can also increase the likelihood that a person will use heroin, such as a history of abuse, exposure to trauma, living in poverty, and having friends who use the drug.

Risk Factors:

  • Having poor coping skills
  • Being male
  • Experiencing a traumatic event, such as violence or abuse
  • Having a family history of mental illness or substance abuse
  • Living in poverty
  • Having a personal history of mental illness or substance abuse
Signs and Symptoms

Signs and Symptoms of Heroin Addiction

The signs and symptoms of heroin abuse can differ based on an individual’s personality and the length and severity of the abuse itself. However, the following are some common signs and symptoms of heroin abuse:

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Secretiveness or deception about one’s whereabouts
  • Lying or stealing
  • Always wearing long-sleeved shirts or pants to prevent others from noticing injection marks
  • Unexplained financial problems
  • Restlessness
  • Declining performance at work
  • Changes in one’s social circle

Physical symptoms:

  • Constricted pupils
  • Slurred speech
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dry mouth
  • Scabs or wounds at injection sites
  • Weight loss
  • Poor attention to hygiene
  • Extreme drowsiness

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Poor attention
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Poor judgment or problem-solving
  • Disorientation or confusion
  • Paranoia
  • Difficulty thinking or expressing oneself clearly

Psychosocial symptoms:

  • Withdrawal from family and friends
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Mood swings
  • Loss of interest in activities one used to enjoy

Effects of Heroin Abuse

If left untreated, heroin abuse can lead to disastrous effects in nearly every area of a person’s life. Some of these effects may include:

  • Poor performance at work, possibly leading to job loss
  • Financial strife
  • Organ damage
  • Polysubstance use
  • Contracting an infection, such as HIV, from sharing needles
  • Relational stress
  • Divorce
  • Loss of child custody
  • Onset or worsening of symptoms of a mental health condition(s)
  • Legal problems or incarceration
  • Death
Co-Occurring Disorders

Heroin Addiction and Co-Occurring Disorders

Tragically, it is not uncommon for people who struggle with heroin abuse to also meet criteria for other mental health diagnoses, some of which may include:

  • Bipolar disorder
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Depressive disorders
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Other substance use disorders
Withdrawal & Overdose

Effects of Withdrawal and Overdose

Effects of heroin withdrawal: After a period of using heroin, a person’s body becomes accustomed to the presence of the drug. If that person then suddenly stops using the drug, his or her body must readjust to functioning without it. This readjustment process is known as withdrawal. The intensity of the withdrawal process is one reason why many people have such difficulty quitting heroin without help. Withdrawal from heroin can include the following symptoms:

  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Cramping and muscle pain
  • Tremors, spasms, or shaking
  • Diarrhea
  • Dangerous fluctuations in body temperature
  • Agitation
  • Irritability
  • Intense cravings for heroin

Effects of heroin overdose: Should a person ingest more heroin than his or her body can metabolize, he or she will experience an overdose, an ever-present risk for people who use the drug. Someone who exhibits the following symptoms of an overdose should receive medical attention immediately:

  • Extremely low blood pressure
  • Confusion, disorientation, or delirium
  • Trouble breathing
  • Seizures
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Weakened heartbeat
  • Coma
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Notice to Our Patients

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