Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19

LAST UPDATED ON 03/15/2021

As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Twelve Oaks Recovery Center to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, there are certain restrictions in place regarding on-site visitation at Twelve Oaks Recovery Center.

  • These restrictions have been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • Options for telehealth visitation are continuously evaluated so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff receives ongoing infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance is provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

Synthetic Marijuana Symptoms & Effects

Understanding Synthetic Marijuana Addiction

Learn About Synthetic Marijuana Addiction

Synthetic marijuana, also known as spice or K2, is a dangerous mix of chemicals and dried plant matter that was originally designed to mimic the effects of natural marijuana. Until recently, spice was easy and legal to purchase, but because it contains a number dangerous chemicals, it is now classified by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) as a controlled substance and is illegal to sell, purchase, or possess. Drug manufacturers have attempted to circumvent DEA restrictions by experimenting with new and different chemical compounds to include in spice, but these new chemicals can at times be even more harmful than the drug’s original formulation.

Synthetic marijuana is a potent psychoactive drug that provides a high similar to that of natural marijuana including experiences of euphoria, relaxation, and altered sensory perception. Spice use can be a profoundly negative experience, as certain people who use spice experience strong hallucinations and feelings of fear, anxiety, and paranoia. It is important to note that one cannot always be sure what kind of effect the drug will have on him or her. Because spice manufacturers are continually altering the composition of their products and adding different assortments of chemicals, a user cannot be certain of the effects the drug will have on him or her. Given that spice is a relatively new drug, researchers are still working to understand the extent of the harmful effects spice may have on a user’s health.

Because of its ability to induce euphoria and relaxation, synthetic marijuana is highly addictive, and because it is constantly being altered and reformulated, it is also extremely dangerous. Overcoming an addiction can be difficult to do on one’s own, but thankfully there are treatment options available to help people overcome a synthetic marijuana addiction.


Synthetic Marijuana Addiction Statistics

Despite being a relative newcomer on the drug scene, spice has earned a well-deserved reputation for being dangerous. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, in 2010, there were 11,406 spice-related emergency room visits among people aged 12-29.

Not only is spice dangerous, but it is also common. NIDA has found that spice is the second most common illegal drug used by young adults, superseded only by natural marijuana. According to the American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC), poison control centers received over 2600 calls regarding exposure to spice in 2013. As of August 2015, that number has almost doubled to nearly 5100 calls.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and Risk Factors for Synthetic Marijuana Addiction

There are many intertwining causes of an addiction to synthetic marijuana, but the most influential of these causes are discussed below:

Genetic: Researchers have found that substance use disorders tend to run in families. In other words, a person is more likely to develop a substance use disorder when his or her family members also abuse substances.

Environmental: In addition to genetic vulnerabilities to addiction that one may have inherited from one’s parents, a person’s environment plays a role in determining his or her risk of abusing substances. People whose peers abuse spice are more likely to abuse the drug as well, as are people who have experienced traumatic events or severe chronic stress. Having poor coping skills is also a risk factor, as is being in an environment where spice is easily accessible.

Risk Factors:

  • Being male
  • Being of younger age
  • Exposure to traumatic events
  • Experiencing physical, emotional, or sexual abuse
  • Living in poverty
  • Family history of mental illness or substance use
  • Personal history of mental illness or other substance use
  • Exposure to substance use
Signs and Symptoms

Signs and Symptoms of Synthetic Marijuana Addiction

While there are a number of signs and symptoms of synthetic marijuana abuse, the chemical makeup of the drug can be quite varied, possibly resulting in different sets of symptoms among different users at different times. The following, however, are some common signs and symptoms that may suggest synthetic marijuana abuse is present in a person’s life:

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Poor job performance
  • Unexplained absences from work
  • Sudden angry outbursts
  • Owning items used to prepare and ingest synthetic marijuana
  • Secretiveness or deception about one’s whereabouts or activities
  • Being combative with others

Physical symptoms:

  • Periods of excessive energy
  • Loss of feeling in extremities
  • Muscle spasms or tics
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Panic attacks
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Headaches
  • Changes in blood pressure

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Confusion
  • Disorientation
  • Delirium
  • Poor memory
  • Feeling as though one’s environment or one’s body is not real
  • Paranoia
  • Hallucinations
  • Delusions

Psychosocial symptoms:

  • Irritability or agitation
  • Anxious or depressed feelings
  • Fluctuations in mood
  • Apathy
  • Feeling detached from one’s emotions
  • Withdrawal from others

Effects of Synthetic Marijuana Addiction

Little research has been conducted on the long-term effects of synthetic marijuana abuse simply because the drug has not been in existence for very long. However, those who use it can experience profoundly harmful and sometimes life-threatening consequences, such as:

  • Stress within or demise of relationships
  • Reduction in occupational performance
  • Job loss
  • Financial strain
  • Social isolation
  • Symptoms of psychosis, such as hallucinations or delusions
  • Thoughts of suicide
  • Organ damage
  • Overdose
  • Death, either from overdose or suicide
Co-Occurring Disorders

Synthetic Marijuana Addiction and Co-Occurring Disorders

Tragically, people who abuse spice sometimes struggle with other co-occurring mental health disorders. Some of these disorders may include:

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Depressive disorders
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Other substance use disorders
Withdrawal & Overdose

Synthetic Marijuana Addiction Withdrawal & Overdose

Effects of synthetic marijuana withdrawal: Though spice is a relatively new drug, there is evidence to suggest that people who attempt to cease using the drug experience withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms can include:

  • Emotional outbursts
  • Irritability
  • Agitation
  • Diarrhea
  • Anxiety
  • Changes in body temperature
  • Cravings for synthetic marijuana
  • Fatigue
  • Feeling nauseous after eating
  • Experiencing flu-like symptoms

Effects of synthetic marijuana overdose: Those who use synthetic marijuana, like nearly all people who abuse substances, are continually under the threat of experiencing an overdose. The situation is especially dire for people who use spice because the composition of the drug is constantly changing as manufacturers experiment with different chemical combinations. Someone who uses spice and is experiencing the following symptoms should receive medical attention immediately, as these signs infer that a person is experiencing an overdose:

  • Hallucinations
  • Delusions
  • Depersonalization or derealization
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Seizure
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Coma
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